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Best IAS And KAS Coaching Centre In Bangalore PIL once filed & heard, cannot be withdrawn: SC Supreme Court said , a Public Interest Litigation PIL, once filed & heard, cannot be withdrawn. The observation came during a hearing on a lawyer’s plea that he was getting threats for filing a PIL seeking entry of girls and women in Kerala’s Sabarimala temple. The court noted this when Naushad Ahmed Khan, President of Indian Young Lawyers’ Association, which has filed the PIL on Sabarimala issue, sought urgent hearing of the matter. He said he has received 500 threatening phone calls in recent times and asked to take back the PIL. What is Public Interest Litigation (PIL)? Public-Interest Litigation is litigation for the protection of the public interest. In Indian law, Article 32 of the Indian constitution contains a tool which directly joins the public with judiciary. Article 32: The Supreme Court shall have power to issue directions or orders or writs, including writs in the nature of habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto and certiorari, whichever may be appropriate, for the enforcement of any of the rights conferred by this Part. A PIL may be introduced in a court of law by the court itself (suo motu), rather than the aggrieved party or another third party. For the exercise of the court’s jurisdiction, it is not necessary for the victim of the violation of his or her rights to personally approach the court. In a PIL, the right to file suit is given to a member of the public by the courts through judicial activism. The member of the public may be a non-governmental organization (NGO), an institution or an individual. It was in the case of SP Gupta vs Union of India that the Supreme Court of India defined the term Public Interest Litigation in the Indian Context. The 38th Chief Justice of India, S. H. Kapadia, has stated that substantial fines would be imposed on litigants filing frivolous PILs. PIL has been successful in making official authorities accountable to NGOs.
Best IAS And KAS Coaching Centre In Bangalore Government of India and World Bank sign a loan agreement for Neeranchal National Watershed Project The Government of India signed a loan agreement with World Bank here for the Neeranchal National Watershed Project. The Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP), which commenced from the year 2009-10, is an ongoing Centrally Sponsored Scheme supporting watershed development in 28 states, following the Common Guidelines for Watershed Development Projects – 2008 (Revised 2011). The IWMP is delivered by the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) through the Department of Land Resources (DOLR) at the national level, and through dedicated State Level Nodal Agencies (SLNA) set up for this purpose, in the States. The project to be implemented by the Ministry of Rural Development over a six-year period (2016-21) will support the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayi Yojana in hydrology and water management, agricultural production systems, capacity building and monitoring and evaluation. The total cost of the project is Rs. 2142.30 crore of which the Government’s share is Rs. 1071.15 crore (50 percent) and rest is the loan component from the World Bank. Why Neeranchal? For achieving the major objectives of the Watershed Component of the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayi Yojana (PMKSY) For ensuring access to irrigation to every farm (Har Khet Ko Pani) and efficient use of water (Per Drop More Crop). Bring about institutional changes in watershed and rainfed agricultural management practices in India. Devise strategies for the sustainability of improved watershed management practices in programme areas, even after the withdrawal of project support. Support improved equity, livelihoods, and incomes through forward linkages, on a platform of inclusiveness and local participation. The programme will lead to reducing surface runoff of rainwater, increasing recharge of ground water and better availability of water in rainfed areas resulting in incremental rainfed agriculture productivity, enhanced milk yield and increased cropping intensity through better convergence related programmes in project area. Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayi Yojana: Central scheme that aims at providing irrigation facilities to every village in the country by converging ongoing irrigation schemes implemented by various ministries. Scheme envisages: Ensure access to some means of protective irrigation to all agricultural farms in the country in order to produce ‘per drop more crop’ to bring desired rural prosperity. Flexibility and autonomy: to states in the process of planning and executing irrigation projects in order to ensure water to every farm. Irrigation plans: ensure that state and district irrigation plans are prepared on the basis of sources of availability of water and agro-climatic conditions in that region. Promoting extension activities: related to ‘on farm water management and crop alignment’ for farmers as well as grass root level field functionaries. Agencies involved: nodal agency for implementation of PMKSY projects will be state agriculture department. Inter-ministerial National Steering Committee (NSC) will periodically review these projects. Budgetary allocation: 1, 000 crore rupees for fiscal year 2015-16. Funding Pattern: Centre- States will be 75: 25 per cent. In case of north-eastern region and hilly states it will be 90:10.
Best IAS And Kas Coaching Centre In Bangalore Government sets up panel to study 7th Pay Commission’s recommendations Government decided to set up a high-powered panel headed by Cabinet Secretary P K Sinha to process the recommendations of the 7th Pay Commission which will have bearing on the remuneration of 47 lakh central government employees and 52 lakh pensioners. The implementation of the new pay scales is estimated to put an additional burden of Rs 1.02 lakh crore on the exchequer in 2016-17. All you have to know about 7th Pay commission : It was formed by previous UPA Government. The commission, headed by Justice A K Mathur was formed in February 2014. The other members of the commission are Vivek Rae, a retired IAS officer of 1978 batch, and Rathin Roy, an economist. Meena Agarwal is Secretary of the Commission. The committee’s recommendations are scheduled to take effect from 1 January, 2016. The government constitutes the Pay Commission almost every 10 years to revise the pay scale of its employees and often these are adopted by states after some modifications. Nearly 47 lakh central government employees and 52 lakh pensioners will be befitted by the pay commission. Recommendations: 7th Pay panel suggests 23.55% hike in pay and allowances of govt employees. Pay will go up by 16%; increase in allowances will be 63%; increase in pension will be 24%. Recommendations will come into force from January 1, 2016. Minimum basic pay for central govt staff recommended at Rs 18, 000; maximum pay Rs 2.25 lakh per month. 3% annual increment . Impacts if Implemented: Financial burden Seventh pay commission will definitely bring a toll on the exchequer , the reason being Government has to manage OROP’s expenditures too. FY17 impact seen at Rs 1.02 lakh crore from implementation of the 7th Pay Commission. Total impact from implementation of 7th Pay Commission is Rs 1.02 lakh cr; including Rs 28, 000 cr on Railway Budget: FM. Implementation of 7th Pay Commission to impact fiscal deficit by 0.65%: FM. Extra information: First pay commission came in year 1946 and the basic salary at that time was decided to be of Rs 35 . Second pay commission came in year 1959 and basic salary was of Rs 80 . In 1973, third pay commission came into effect which decided the basic salary of Rs 185. Fourth pay commission came in year 1986 which recommend basic salary of Rs 750. In year 1996, fifth pay commission came, recommending basic salary of Rs 2550. Sixth pay commission came into effect in year 2006, fixed minimum basic salary of Rs 6660.
Best Ias And Kas Coaching Centre In Bangalore Grid-linked solar generation capacity crosses 5, 000 Mw mark India’s grid-connected solar power generation capacity has crossed the 5, 000 Mw mark, with Rajasthan on top with 1, 264.35 Mw capacity followed by Gujarat. The total grid-connected solar power generation capacity in the country is 5, 129.81 Mw, a statement by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy . Rajasthan has the maximum grid-connected capacity, followed by Gujarat (1, 024.15 Mw) and Madhya Pradesh (678.58 Mw). The other leading states are Tamil Nadu (418.94 Mw), Maharashtra (378.7 Mw), Andhra Pradesh (357.34 Mw), Telangana (342.39 Mw), Punjab (200.32 Mw) and Uttar Pradesh (140 Mw). The major states which are lagging behind are West Bengal (7.21 Mw), Uttarakhand (5 Mw) and Haryana (12.8 Mw). Government has an ambitious plan to have 175 Gw of power generation capacity from renewable sources, including 100 Gw from solar and 60 Gw from wind, by 2022. Under the National Solar Mission, the government increased the solar power generation capacity addition target by five times to 100 Gw last year. Solar power in India: With about 300 clear, sunny days in a year, India’s theoretically calculated solar energy incidence on its land area alone, is about 5, 000 trillion kilowatt-hours (kWh) per year (or 5 EWh/yr). The solar energy available in a year exceeds the possible energy output of all fossil fuel energy reserves in India. On 16 May 2011, India’s first 5 MW of installed capacity solar power project was registered under the Clean Development Mechanism. The project is in Sivagangai Village, Sivaganga district, Tamil Nadu. In January 2015, the Indian government significantly expanded its solar plans, targeting US$100 billion of investment and 100 GW of solar capacity by 2022. India is ranked number one in terms of solar electricity production per watt installed, with an insolation of 1, 700 to 1, 900 kilowatt hours per kilowatt peak (kWh/KWp) India expects to install an additional 10, 000 MW by 2017, and a total of 100, 000 MW by 2022.
Best IAS And KAS Coaching Centre In Bangalore Government approves major changes in Defence Procurement Procedure Centre has approved major changes to the Defence Procurement Procedure(DPP) DAC chaired by Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar gave its approval to the changes. The new DPP will streamline defence acquisitions and give a big impetus to indigenisation through the ‘Make in India’ initiative. New procedure envisages : New category called ‘IDDM’ or ‘Indigenously Designed, Developed and Manufactured’ platforms to promote domestic manufacturing, including government funding for Research & Development . IDDM is divided into 2 sub-categories : 1.It will be mandatory to have 40 per cent local content in case the design is also indigenous. 2.In case the design is not Indian, 60 per cent local content will be mandatory. Recognition of the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in technology development. It increase in contract threshold from Rs 300 crore to Rs 2, 000 crore for offsets. It allows government funds up to 90 per cent of development costs to private companies to push research and innovation, of which 20 per cent will be given in advance and in 24 months the entity will be given tender. Note:If the tender is not given, the private company will get a refund of its expenses. It aims to enhance private sector participation and speed up procurement process. It sets up an empowered committee to solve disputes or unforeseen issues. Till now disputes went to DAC. What is Defence Procurement Procedure(DPP)? The Government has set up a Defence Acquisition Council headed by the Raksha Mantri for decision making in regard to the totality of the new planning process, which inter-alia involves according ‘in principle’ approval of Capital Acquisitions in the long term perspective plan and according ‘in principle’ approval for each Capital Acquisition programme. The decision flowing from the Defence Acquisition Council are to be implemented by the following three Boards:- Defence Procurement Board headed by the Defence Secretary; Defence Production Board headed by the Secretary (Defence Production); Defence Research & Development Board headed by the Secretary (Defence Research & Development) Globally, India is the largest buyer of weapons and military equipment, accounting for some 15 per cent of all such international imports, said a report by Sweden-based think-tank Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)
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