Best IAS And KAS Coaching Centre In Bangalore
Government of India and World Bank sign a loan agreement for Neeranchal National Watershed Project
The Government of India signed a loan agreement with World Bank here for the Neeranchal National Watershed Project.
The Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP), which commenced from the year 2009-10, is an ongoing Centrally Sponsored Scheme supporting watershed development in 28 states, following the Common Guidelines for Watershed Development Projects – 2008 (Revised 2011).
The IWMP is delivered by the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) through the Department of Land Resources (DOLR) at the national level, and through dedicated State Level Nodal Agencies (SLNA) set up for this purpose, in the States.
The project to be implemented by the Ministry of Rural Development over a six-year period (2016-21) will support the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayi Yojana in hydrology and water management, agricultural production systems, capacity building and monitoring and evaluation.
The total cost of the project is Rs. 2142.30 crore of which the Government’s share is Rs. 1071.15 crore (50 percent) and rest is the loan component from the World Bank.
For achieving the major objectives of the Watershed Component of the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayi Yojana (PMKSY)
For ensuring access to irrigation to every farm (Har Khet Ko Pani) and efficient use of water (Per Drop More Crop).
Bring about institutional changes in watershed and rainfed agricultural management practices in India.
Devise strategies for the sustainability of improved watershed management practices in programme areas, even after the withdrawal of project support.
Support improved equity, livelihoods, and incomes through forward linkages, on a platform of inclusiveness and local participation.
The programme will lead to reducing surface runoff of rainwater, increasing recharge of ground water and better availability of water in rainfed areas resulting in incremental rainfed agriculture productivity, enhanced milk yield and increased cropping intensity through better convergence related programmes in project area.
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayi Yojana:
Central scheme that aims at providing irrigation facilities to every village in the country by converging ongoing irrigation schemes implemented by various ministries.
Ensure access to some means of protective irrigation to all agricultural farms in the country in order to produce ‘per drop more crop’ to bring desired rural prosperity.
Flexibility and autonomy: to states in the process of planning and executing irrigation projects in order to ensure water to every farm.
Irrigation plans: ensure that state and district irrigation plans are prepared on the basis of sources of availability of water and agro-climatic conditions in that region.
Promoting extension activities: related to ‘on farm water management and crop alignment’ for farmers as well as grass root level field functionaries.
Agencies involved: nodal agency for implementation of PMKSY projects will be state agriculture department. Inter-ministerial National Steering Committee (NSC) will periodically review these projects.
Budgetary allocation: 1, 000 crore rupees for fiscal year 2015-16.
Funding Pattern: Centre- States will be 75: 25 per cent. In case of north-eastern region and hilly states it will be 90:10.